Another City - Home / News / St. Andrew’s Monastery.

St. Andrew’s Monastery.

St. Andrew’s Monastery was built in 1648 in the place of the monastery burned-out in 1547 (as the legend has it, the first convent was built here in the 13th century). The monastery was built on the right bank of the Moskva River near the present-day Vorobyovy Hills by the close adviser of the tsar Alexey Mikhailovich, the statesman F.M. Rtishchev who made a great contribution into the development of the culture.


Having invited the learned monks from Kiev – Epiphanius (Slavinetsky), Arsenius (Satanovsky), Damascene (Ptitsky) and Theodosius (Safanovitch) – he founded the first school in Moscow (the so-called Rtishchev’s brotherhood) that preceded the Slavonic-Greek-Latin Academy. The monks of the learned brotherhood translated books in the foreign language into Russian. Initially, the monastery was called Preobrazhenskaya Pustyn’ (Hermitage of Transfiguration). In 1675 a stone, quadrangular single-domed over-the-gates church of Saint Martyr Andrew Stratelates was built (in the place of the wooden church having the same name and built in 1591 on the occasion of liberation of Moscow from the invasion of the Crimean khan Kazy-Girey on the fete of St. Andrew Stratelates). The monastery was given a name of St. Andrew’s monastery. In 1689—1701 Rtyshchev built a cathedral of Resurrection in Plennitsy in the style of Moscow baroque.

In the 19th century it was rebuilt. The frieze made from large tiles by S. Polubes (end of the 18th century) survives to this day. In 1748 a three-level bell tower in classic style and a church of Michael the Archangel under it were built on S.B. Sheremetev’s money. In 1848 on the money of M. Sotkin this bell tower was rebuilt. In 1725 the monastery was closed and functioned as an orphan’s home till 1730. In 1730 the monastery resumed its work. In 1765 it was finally abolished, the churches became parish. In 1775 a female workhouse was established in the monastery.

In 1918 the alms-house was closed and handed over for apartments. In the same year the over-the-gates church of Saint Martyr Andrew Stratelates, in 1924 the cathedral of Resurrection and in 1940 the church of St. John the Evangelist were closed. Since the 1960-ies the monastery was the place of location of the research institute.

In the 1960 – 70-ies the buildings of the monastery were restored. In August 1991 the Patriarchal Metochion was established and a decision was taken to place the Synodal library of the Moscow Patriarch in the cloister.

In March 1992 divine services were resumed in the cathedral of Resurrection. In 1997 the belfry in the bell tower over the church of St. John the Evangelist was restored (10 bells, total weight is 6 tons made at the plant of Rudolf Perner in Passau, Germany).

See other:

Nosov’s Mansion Nosov’s Mansion Built in 1903, the mansion was designed by Russian art nouveau architect Lev Kekushev and belonged to the Old Believer Nosov merchant family. During the Soviet times th... Подробнее...
Cafe Pushkin Cafe Pushkin The restaurant with a glorious name of Alexander Pushkin was opened on the 4th of June 1999 in Tverskoy Boulevard in a mansion built in the style of “baroque”. The res... Подробнее...
Edward Cobra Edward Cobra "Ballerina" Not far from the Bolshoy Theater, in Bolshaya Dmitrovka Street 16, b.2 one can see the graffiti with the great Russian ballerina Maya Plisetskaya, who symbolizes the art... Подробнее...
The exhibition of wildlife photos The exhibition of wildlife photos "A Golden Turtle" From the 19th of January to the 17th of February at the Central House of Artists you may visit the exhibition of wildlife photos "A Golden Turtle" which will be held in... Подробнее...
Flower & Perfume Shop «Les Fleurs» Flower & Perfume Shop «Les Fleurs» An original flower & perfume shop «Les Fleurs» has recently opened in Moscow. It is interesting that it offers both flowers and perfume on sale. Having come i... Подробнее...

Our Friends

Specialist and job on the map

Unusual Moscow tours

Non-profit organization 'Medical Clowns'

Asthma Association

Search for Missing Children

Сharitable foundation "Happy world"

"Adoption in Russia" project

Metro for everybody

Culture. Services. News

Contact us